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Curricular Materials - US Foreign Policy and Chile in the 1970s

salvadorallende.jpgThese resources will help educators explore the complexities of US intervention in Chile during the 1970s. The topics that will be addressed include: Cold War, US foreign policy in Latin America, socialism, Marxism, neo-colonialism, economics, intervention, free-trade and economic nationalism.

The materials gathered below will help support a discussion involving the following questions:
1) How did the US Government (USG) intervene in Chilean affairs, and what were the reasons for the intervention?
2) How can we understand Allende’s policies and reforms with respect to the Chilean economy and society at the time, and to what extent did they threaten US interests in Chile?
3) How do we understand “neo-colonialism,” and in what way can aspects of USG intervention in Chile be interpreted / not be interpreted as “neo-colonialist”?
4) More broadly, when is intervention in another country’s issues a justifiable course of action? To what extent can we hold specific parties responsible for the effects of intervention?

Additional materials and links can be found on Lev Moscow’s teaching website.

These materials were collected and produced in 2010 by Lev Moscow, from the Beacon School, as part of the CLACS Teacher Residency Program.

Curriculum

Background Essay (PDF)
Questions for Discussion, Useful Terms (PDF)
Lesson 1: Key Foreign Policy Quotes (PDF)
Lesson 2: The Trial of Henry Kissinger (PDF)
Recommended Reading (PDF)


Supplementary Resources

Family of Slain Chilean Sues Kissinger, Helms; Military Leader Was Killed in Kidnap Attempt Linked to Nixon Administration – published in the Washington Post, 11 September 2001, by Bill Miller. Full text available at the International Campaign Against Impunity.

National Security Council, Options Paper on Chile (NSSM 97), November 3, 1970 – published online in the Chile and the United States section filed in the Latin American collection of documents at the National Security Archive at George Washington University.

CIA, Briefing by Richard Helms for the National Security Council, Chile, November 6, 1970 – published online in the Chile and the United States section filed in the Latin American collection of documents at the National Security Archive at George Washington University.

CIA Activities in Chile is published online as Document 1 of the CIA Acknowledges Ties to Pinochet’s Repression section, part of the Chile Documentation Project of the National Security Archive at George Washington University.

The Church Report: Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973 is found in the Declassified Document Collections located in the Electronic Reading Room of the US Department of State.

The CIA Report on CIA Activities in Chile found in the General Reports section under the heading Reports within the CIA website’s Library.

The Hinchey Report: CIA Activities in Chile is found in the Declassified Document Collections located in the Electronic Reading Room of the US Department of State.

Chile: The Bloody End of a Marxist Dream – published in Time Magazine, 24 September 1973.